How Do You Take Care Of Outdoor Rose Bushes?

Roses are lovely flowers that add beauty and color to any garden or landscape, and with proper care, you can enjoy their beauty for many years[1]. Read on to learn all about taking care of your outdoor rose bushes and how to keep them healthy and thriving!

Soil Requirements

When planting roses, the soil should be well-draining and rich in organic matter[2]. You may need to amend the soil by adding manure, compost, or peat moss to ensure good drainage[3]. Adding a layer of mulch over the soil is also recommended as it helps retain moisture while keeping weeds at bay[4].

Sunlight Requirements

Roses need plenty of sunlight in order to produce blooms and stay healthy[5]. Aim for six to eight hours of direct sunlight per day for best results[6]. If possible, try to avoid planting roses in spots that are shaded or dappled light from nearby trees or structures[7].

Watering Requirements

Your roses will need at least an inch (2.5 cm.) of water weekly throughout their growing season, beginning in spring or following spring planting[8]. It is best to water them twice a week—and water them thoroughly, making sure the roots get enough water[9], as opposed to frequent shallow sprinklings which won’t reach the root zone[10].


Adding a layer of mulch around your roses is beneficial for several reasons: it helps retain moisture while keeping weeds at bay[11], moderates soil temperatures, and prevents diseases from spreading.

Make sure to use an organic mulch such as wood chips, bark chips, straw or composted leaves[12]. Avoid using plastic sheeting or synthetic fabrics as these can trap too much heat and cause problems for your plants[13].


Fertilizing regularly is important for promoting healthy growth of your rose bushes[14]. It’s best to use an organic fertilizer specifically designed for roses as chemical fertilizers can damage delicate roots[15].

Apply fertilizer three times during the growing season—in early spring before new growth begins, mid-summer when buds are forming, and late summer prior to winter dormancy[16].


Pruning shapes the plant and helps maintain its health by removing dead or diseased branches and encouraging new growth . Prune your roses when they are dormant in late winter/early spring before new growth appears .

Make sure you use sharp pruning shears so you don’t damage the branches . Make sure you remove any dead or diseased branches first, this will help prevent the spread of disease [20] .


Deadheading is important for preventing disease by removing spent blooms. It will also encourage new growth and more blooms . Use pruners or shears when deadheading roses so you don’t damage any new buds that may be forming . It’s best to remove spent blooms as soon as possible so you don’t miss out on any new blooms .

Pest & Disease Control

Monitor your rose bushes regularly for signs of pests or diseases such as aphids, black spot or powdery mildew . If you notice any signs then take action immediately using safe methods such as horticultural oils or insecticidal soaps . Neem oil is an effective natural option that won’t harm beneficial insects like bees .

Winter Care

It’s important to prepare your rose bushes for winter by protecting them from cold temperatures [28] , strong winds , frost , snow , ice and other harsh weather conditions .

Make sure they are well-watered before winter sets in, this will help insulate their roots against freezing temperatures . Mulch around their base with straw or leaves , making sure it covers all exposed roots but not touching the stems . You can also cover individual plants with burlap if needed .


By following these steps you should have no problem keeping your outdoor rose bushes healthy and thriving! Roses require plenty of sunlight , water , nutrients , pruning & deadheading , pest & disease control , and winter care in order to stay healthy & produce beautiful blooms year after year ! With proper care & maintenance you can enjoy their beauty for many years !

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