What Is Best Fertilizer For Roses?

As a flower gardening expert, I understand the importance of using the right fertilizer for roses. Roses require special care and attention in order to thrive, and fertilizer is a key component in keeping your roses healthy and beautiful.

In this article, we’ll discuss what fertilizer is best for roses, including different types of fertilizers, when to apply it, and how much you need.

What is Fertilizer?

Fertilizer is a material that provides essential nutrients for plant growth. It can be either synthetic or organic. Synthetic fertilizer contains chemical elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium while organic fertilizers are made from natural materials such as manure, compost or seaweed extract.

Benefits of Fertilizing Roses

Fertilizing roses helps them grow strong and healthy. It also encourages blooming and improves soil fertility. Regularly fertilizing your roses also helps prevent diseases and pests from attacking them.

Different Types of Fertilizers

High Phosphorus Fertilizers: These fertilizers are specifically designed for flowering plants like roses. They contain higher levels of phosphorus which helps promote flowering and root growth. Examples include.

Special Rose Plant Foods: There are special rose plant foods that are tailored to the higher phosphorus needs of roses with an N-P-K ratio such as 18-24-16.

General Complete Fertilizers: These fertilizers have a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium but they also contain other important micronutrients like iron and manganese that are beneficial to roses. Examples include.

When to Apply Fertilizer to Roses

It’s best to fertilize rose plants three times during the growing season. The first application should be in early spring when the leaves begin to emerge from dormancy, the second should be around mid summer, and the third should be in late summer just before the rose bush starts going dormant again.

How to Apply Fertilizer to Roses

[Urge readers] To help ensure that your rose bush gets all the nutrients it needs for healthy growth, use a slow release fertilizer like a granular product that you can spread around the base of your rose bush.

How Much Fertilizer to Use on Roses

[Tell readers] Use about 2 pounds per 100 square feet of garden space or one handful per bush if you have small bushes. You can also adjust this amount depending on soil type and condition.


In conclusion, there are many different types of fertilizers available for roses with different ratios tailored specifically for roses. However, you don’t necessarily need a special fertilizer for your roses. You can also use general complete fertilizers with high phosphorus ratios such as 5-10-5, 4-8-4 or 4-12-4.

Just make sure you apply it at least three times during the growing season and use about 2 pounds per 100 square feet of garden space or one handful per bush if you have small bushes.


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