When Should I Feed My Roses?

Feeding Your Roses: When, How and Why

Welcome rose gardeners! Whether you’ve been cultivating flower beds full of roses for years or you’re just starting out, you may be wondering when, how and why you should feed your roses—and the answer is simple: twice a year, in March/April before flowering and mid-summer after the first flush of flowers (especially for repeat-flowering types).

In this article, we’ll explore all the details of feeding your roses so you can keep them happy and healthy all season long!

What are Roses?

Roses are a genus of woody perennial flowering plants native to temperate climates around the world. They have been cultivated for centuries and have become a popular garden flower due to their wide array of colors and fragrances as well as their multiple bloom cycles throughout the year. While there are many types of roses, they all share similar needs when it comes to care and maintenance.

What Do Roses Need to Thrive?

Roses need plenty of sun, water, air circulation and nutrition in order to thrive—and that’s where fertilizers come in! Fertilizers offer essential nutrients that roses need in order to produce healthy flowers, foliage and blooms throughout the growing season. But when should you feed your roses? Read on!

When Should I Feed My Roses?

As mentioned above, it is ideal to feed your roses twice a year: once before flowering in March/April, and again after the first flush of flowers (especially for repeat-flowering types) mid-summer.

However, it is important to take into account factors like climate or soil type which may require more frequent feeding throughout the season, if this is the case, talk with your local garden center or extension office for advice on how often you should feed your roses based on your specific location needs.

How to Feed Roses in March/April

When feeding your roses before flowering in March/April, use a balanced fertilizer such as a 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 formulation—this will provide Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P) and Potassium (K), which are essential macronutrients for healthy rose growth and blooming power!

Follow package instructions carefully when applying—you don’t want to overfeed or underfeed your plants, both can cause issues with overall health if done improperly or too frequently (more on this below).

How to Feed Roses in Mid-Summer

When feeding your roses after their first blooming period mid-summer, switch to a high phosphorous fertilizer such as an 8–24–24 or 8–30–30 formulation, this will help promote abundant blooms during their second bloom period of the season!

As always, follow package instructions carefully when applying fertilizer, too much fertilization can lead to leaf burn or other issues with overall plant health.

Benefits of Feeding Your Roses

Feeding your roses regularly with an appropriate fertilizer has many benefits: it helps promote healthy growth and abundant blooms throughout the season while also helping ward off pests such as aphids or spider mites that may try to make meals out of your plants’ foliage!

Additionally, regular fertilization helps improve soil structure which makes it easier for roots to access essential nutrients, this makes watering more efficient since less water will simply run off when applied properly due instead staying put where it’s needed most—in the soil around roots where they can make use of it most!

Tips for Successful Rose Feeding

The best way ensure success when feeding your roses is by following package instructions carefully, this includes not only application measurements but also frequency as overfertilizing can lead burn leaves or damage root systems if done too often or at incorrect intervals throughout the season.

It’s also important not forget about other aspects necessary for successful rose cultivation like watering regularly (at least 1 inch per week), pruning back dead stems/leaves and providing adequate air circulation around plants—all these things help ensure healthier growth overall which translates into more abundant blooms come flowering time!

Common Mistakes To Avoid When Feeding Roses

One common mistake rose gardeners make is applying too much fertilizer at once, while higher concentrations may seem like they would be more effective at providing plants with necessary nutrients faster unfortunately this isn’t always true!

Too much fertilizer can actually burn leaves leading reduced growth overall so be sure not go overboard with application measurements no matter how tempting it may seem at first glance!

Additionally, it’s important not forget about other aspects like air circulation around plants and regular watering—these things are just as important as fertilization when trying achieve optimal results come bloom time so don’t neglect them just because you fed yours recently!


Feeding your roses twice a year—once before flowering in March/April and again after their first flush of flowers mid-summer—is essential for promoting healthy growth and abundant blooms throughout the growing season!

Be sure follow package instructions carefully when applying fertilizer avoid common mistakes like overfeeding which can damage leaves root systems if done incorrectly frequently enough times over time otherwise success will be yours come bloom time each year guaranteed!

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